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Bogs do not support large populations of animals because productivity is low and the water can be quite acidic. However, bogs provide important habitat for such species as moose, deer, black bear, beaver, lynx, fishers, snowshoe hare, otter, and mink, either because bogs occur in remote areas due to the climate or altitude, or because they are not suitable for agriculture, forestry, or development (Mitsch and Gosselink 1993). As the land use in surrounding areas changes, wildlife species are driven to these relatively undisturbed habitats.
Migratory birds use bogs on their flight paths. From warblers to wood ducks, many bird species breed, nest, and feed in bog habitats. The greater sandhill crane, great gray owl, short eared owl, sora rail, and sharp-tailed sparrow depend completely on bogs and fens for survival (Mitsch and Gosselink 1993). Bogs with a pH greater than 4.5 may provide habitat for game fish species such as pike, walleye, bluegill, and smallmouth bass (Camp, Dresser, and McKee 1981; Novotony and Olem 1995).